Focus and Concentration

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IMPROVING FOCUS AND CONCENTRATION

TECH AS A TOOL, NOT A DISTRACTION

The NCHA Student Health and Wellness Survey[1] showed 23.4% of Queen’s students reported that internet use/computer games affected their individual academic performance within the last 12 months.

While technology is essential to academic work, being interrupted and stressed all of the time damages your creativity and ability to think; you make poorer decisions and are less able to be innovative.

Download our Healthy Tech Habits resource to learn strategies about maintaining a distraction-free work space.

If you would prefer any document in a different format, please email us and we will work together to find a solution.


MODULE: Improving Focus and Concentration around Technology

Working within your attention span, using technology during study sessions, tips & tricks to stay focused, and more! This resource has been curated to help you keep your technology use healthy, productive and enjoyable. It was created was created by SASS, in collaboration with other groups at Queen’s: Health PromotionCounselling Services, and the Chaplain’s Office.


QUICK TIPS TO IMPROVE FOCUS AND CONCENTRATION

 

1. Your Health Habitsfocus

  • Eat regularly to maintain adequate levels of glucose in your brain.
  • Sleep enough to maintain regular body rhythms and enable you to feel rested and alert.
  • Exercise to reduce restlessness, manage stress and feel good. Getting fresh air before class or a study period will help wake you up and increase your level of alertness.

2. Motivation

  • Connect your present activity to your short-term and long-term goals. “Keep your eye on the prize!”
  • Set a specific target in terms of time spent on the current activity, or amount of work to be completed.
  • Do your work before you play. Build in a reward for successfully reaching your goal: a coffee, chat, walk, or something you enjoy that you must earn before you have it.

3. Study Habits

  • Develop a routine place, time, and pattern to your study sessions.
  • Blocks of study time (2+ hours each) divided into 30-50 minute periods with a short break (5-10 minutes) are effective.
  • Try varying the subjects you are studying or activities required in each long study session.
  • Break up large projects into manageable sections. Congratulate yourself for completing individual sections.
  • Whenever possible schedule your most challenging work during your personal best learning time. “Do the hard stuff first, and the easy stuff will take care of itself.”

4. Getting Started

  • Keep all necessary supplies close at hand to avoid endless set-up time and distractions.
  • Try the “5 More Rule.” Commit to working solidly for five (minutes, pages, sentences, etc.) and then do it. Then, intentionally decide to work another “5 More” or not.
  • Start each work session with 10 minutes of review of the most recent material. This reinforces previous learning and boosts your confidence

5. Concentrating in Lectures

  • Reduce distractions: Get to class in time to pick your best seat (e.g., close to front, off to one side, near to/far from a window — whatever works for you).
  • Stay awake: Take notes during the lecture, or add to notes from the web or manual
  • Use a code in your notes to mark things you don’t understand (e.g., use a  ? or highlight text in red), or mark things the lecturer said were really important (e.g., with a **, or highlight text in green).
  • If the lecture is a double class, try to get some fresh air on the break.
  • Engage your mind. Actively participate in class and use your brain more actively:
    • offer your opinion;
    • think about how the material relates to what was recently covered in lectures or readings;
    • try to anticipate what direction the professor might go in; and
    • ask questions related to the material being presented, out loud or in your mind.

6. Controlling Distractions

  • Work within your personal limits of staying focused, and gradually expand the limit. “The journey of a thousand miles starts with a single step” (Lao Tzu).
  • When worrying thoughts come into your mind during class or while studying, record them on your “distraction pad”:
    • jot thoughts on a slip of paper and put it in your pocket, to be dealt with later. Say to yourself “I’ll get back to you later” and return to your target activity.
    • if the thoughts aren’t important, just let them pass through your mind.
    • at a designated time of day when you have 15-30 minutes of uninterrupted time, look over your day’s concerns and decide if there is anything you need or want to deal with. Is the worry still relevant? Are there patterns to your worrying thoughts? Anything you need to settle? If so, talk to someone or solve the issue. You may have really great thoughts about another paper you are writing, that just came to you at the wrong time.

Who put this together (and how can they help me)?

Each of the university groups who helped put together this web page can also offer you further support. We encourage you to learn more about their services!

  • Check out Health Promotion to learn more about sleep and other health issues affecting university students, or to book a Healthy Lifestyle Consultation.
  • Talk to someone at Counselling Services about maintaining a healthy relationship with technology.
  • Visit the Chaplain’s Office to talk about technology from a spiritual and/or community perspective.
  • Student Academic Success Services can help you create a distraction-free study space to help you concentrate.

[1] American College Health Association. American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II: Queen’s University Executive Summary Spring 2013. Hanover, MD: American College Health Association; 2013.

 

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First photo courtesy of Hamza Butt, second photo courtesy of Mark Hunter under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-No-Derivations 2.0 license.