Types of Science Writing
The purpose of science writing is to communicate scientific research to various audiences. Like much writing, it includes both description and analysis: surveys of previous research and descriptions of current methodologies and results; and analysis related to the trends, importance, and implications of research findings. Although science writers present facts and careful reasoning based on evidence, they must also use techniques of good communication to shape their presentation of findings in an engaging and persuasive way. Therefore, most types of science writing follow a format that frames the information presented with a sense of context.
The types of science writing outlined here – the review article, the research proposal, and the lab report/research paper – tend to follow conventional formats, but there are variations within these formats according to the purposes of the writers and the expectations of their audiences.
Conventions of Science Writing
The purpose of science writing is to accurately communicate observations and analyses and their importance in a way that will convey a sense of context to the reader and possibly allow for repeatable experiments. Science writing demonstrates both the expertise and objective stance of the writer and is marked by a style that is clear, concise, and accurate.