Writing Topic: Annotated Bibliography

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What is an annotated bibliography? It is a bibliography that not only lists the sources you’ve discovered to write your essay but also briefly comments on the content, value, and relevancy of those sources.


What should I include?Example of an Annotated Bibliographic Entry

What should I include?

The required information can vary from discipline to discipline; consider the following points when drafting your annotation:

1. The main topic or focus.
2. The thesis or main argument.
3. The main arguments that support the thesis.
4. The authors’ ideological or methodological perspective.
5. The relationship of the source to your essay.

Example of an Annotated Bibliographic Entry

In the end, an annotated bibliographic entry for A.I. Silver’s book would look something like the following:

Silver, Arthur I., The French Canadian Idea of Confederation (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982).

A.I. Silver’s book examines French Canadians’ reactions to Confederation, in both theory and practice, between 1860 and 1900. He argues that French Canadians were extremely ambivalent about Confederation and judged its worth according to its ability to protect their cultural and linguistic rights within their home province of Quebec. In particular, Silver shows how French Canada reacted to the loss of French linguistic and cultural rights in New Brunswick, Manitoba, and the North West between 1870 and 1890 by turning inward to defend the rights of the province of Quebec to protect the last bastion of French culture in North America. In revealing French Canadians’ growing ambivalence towards Confederation, Silver takes issue with much of the work of historian Donald Creighton, who argued that Quebecers generally embraced Confederation as the best way to protect their culture and language. Silver’s discussion of Quebecers’ lack of interest in the New Brunswick school controversy will be extremely important in revealing why Acadians remained a separate and unique French Canadian community into the twentieth century.

This is only an example of the information typically required for an annotated bibliography in the Social Sciences or humanities. No matter what discipline you are in, always consult with your professor or teaching assistant as to the particular content and format required.



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